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By C.L. Sheng

1.1 Utilitarian Theories This publication is a monograph on ethical philosophy and social philosophy, really the a part of the philosophy of economics that's regarding the overall distribution challenge. It provides a finished moral concept, including an software of the idea to distributive justice. the point of view of this concept is utilitarian. notwithstanding, this idea is varied in a few the most important issues, in addition to in minor information, from all current varieties of utilitarianism. ethical philosophy offers basically with the ethical judgment of activities, i. e., even if an ethical motion is correct or incorrect, sturdy or undesirable. The judgment is generally in response to a line of logical reasoning, that are traced to a last cause referred to as the justification or final precept. a moral thought is a self-consistent procedure equipped upon a simple, or final, precept. An final precept can by no means be conscientiously confirmed, and isn't specified. assorted philosophers determine assorted moral theories upon diverse rules. for that reason, within the heritage of improvement of ethical philosophy, there were various moral theories and faculties. Even wi skinny an identical university having an analogous final precept, varied philosophers can have assorted types of the idea, as a result of small diversifications within the interpretation of the final word precept or within the elaboration of the details.

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Vii. Harvard 23. See Note 17. While John Rawls' view is utilitarian in this paper, later he develops a contractarian theory in his book A Theory of Justice, and his view seems to become deontological. 24. ll. 25. Rolf American Sartorius, Philosophical "Utilitarianism, Rights, and Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 3 Duties to Self," (July 1985), pp. 241-249. 26. Donald Regan, Utilitarianism and Co-operation Press, 1980), p. 7. (Oxford: Clarendon 27. C. L. Sheng, "Constraints on Utilitarian Prescription for Actions," Theory and Decision, Vol.

McCloskey," Inquiry 12. S. E. Toulmin, "An Examination of the Place of Reason in Ethics" (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1950), pp. 145-146, 157. 13. J. O. Urmson, "The Interpretation of the Moral Philosophy of J. Mill," The Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 3 (1953), pp. 33-39. 14. Ibid. S. A Unified Utilitarian Theory 34 15. Jonathan Harrison, "Utilitarianism, Universalization, and Our Duty to Be Just," Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Vol. 53 (1952-53), pp. 105-134. 16. Jonathan Harrison, "Rule Utilitarianism and Cumulative-Effect Utilitarianism," Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Suppl.

And Rights, 22. John Rawls, A Theory of Justice (Cambridge, Massachusetts: University Press, 1971), p. vii. Harvard 23. See Note 17. While John Rawls' view is utilitarian in this paper, later he develops a contractarian theory in his book A Theory of Justice, and his view seems to become deontological. 24. ll. 25. Rolf American Sartorius, Philosophical "Utilitarianism, Rights, and Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 3 Duties to Self," (July 1985), pp. 241-249. 26. Donald Regan, Utilitarianism and Co-operation Press, 1980), p.

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