By Michel Le Bellac
Quantum info and computation is a quickly increasing and cross-disciplinary topic. This publication supplies a self-contained creation to the sphere for physicists, mathematicians and laptop scientists who need to know extra approximately this intriguing topic. After a step by step creation to the quantum bit (qubit) and its major houses, the writer provides the mandatory heritage in quantum mechanics. The center of the topic, quantum computation, is illustrated by way of a close therapy of 3 quantum algorithms: Deutsch, Grover and Shor. the ultimate chapters are dedicated to the actual implementation of quantum desktops, together with the latest elements, reminiscent of superconducting qubits and quantum dots, and to a quick account of quantum info. Written at a degree compatible for undergraduates in actual sciences, no prior wisdom of quantum mechanics is thought, and simply uncomplicated notions of physics are required. The e-book comprises many brief workouts, with recommendations on hand to teachers via [email protected]
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Example: Scrape a Website The best way to learn how to scrape data is to jump right into an example. Say you wanted to download temperature data for the past year, but you can’t find a source that provides all the numbers for the right time frame or the correct city. Go to almost any weather website, and at the most, you’ll usually see only temperatures for an extended 10-day forecast. That’s not even close to what you want. You want actual temperatures from the past, not predictions about future weather.
This lets you use data from a service, such as Twitter, and integrate the data with your own application. com)—A community effort that mostly provides data on people, places, and things. It’s like Wikipedia for data but more structured. Download data dumps or use it as a backend for your application. org)—A data marketplace with free and for-sale datasets. You can also access some datasets via their API. com)—Serves as a catalog for (mostly government) data on the web. com)—Another repository of for-sale datasets, mostly focused on comprehensive lists of retail locations.
G ath e r D ata Following is a small taste of what’s available for the topic of your choice. Geography Do you have mapping software, but no geographic data? You’re in luck. Plenty of shapefiles and other geographic file types are at your disposal. com/services/api/)—Geographic boundaries as defined by Flickr users Sports People love sports statistics, and you can find decades’ worth of sports data. You can find it on Sports Illustrated or team organizations’ sites, but you can also find more on sites dedicated to the data specifically.